You may be fined and/or imprisoned if you exceed your stay or do not extend your legal stay. You may be fined up to OMR 10 per day up to a maximum of OMR 500 for exceeding the length of stay. It is illegal to create, import and/or share pornographic images and videos, even if they have been created for personal use and with the consent of the parties involved. The government sets occupational health and safety standards. The law states that an employee can leave unsafe working conditions without jeopardizing the continuation of his or her employment if the employer was aware of the danger and did not take corrective action. Workers covered by the Labour Code may receive compensation for industrial accidents or occupational diseases through health insurance provided by the employer. The government offered free COVID-19 treatment to any resident of the country who had symptoms and could not afford medical expenses. The legal market has seen the entry of British law firm Kennedys into Muscat, which is expanding its expansion into the Middle East and complementing the mix of leading international law firms such as Addleshaw Goddard and Dentons. Omani companies Al Busaidy, Mansoor Jamal & Co and Said Al-Shahry & Partners (SASLO) are major local players. Clyde & Co LLP has left the Omani market. Foreign workers are vulnerable to poor, unsafe or abusive working conditions. There were reports that migrant workers in some enterprises and households worked more than 12 hours a day without a day off for below-market wages. Employers often terminated the employment contracts of seriously ill or injured foreign workers and forced them to return to their home countries or remain in the country illegally.
Some labour inspectorates have focused on enforcing visa violations and deporting people with irregular work visa status, rather than verifying safe and adequate working conditions. The legal system of the Sultanate of Oman was codified in a constitution by Royal Decree No. (101/1996) of 6 November 1996 and is known as the Basic Law of the State. The Basic Law consists of 81 articles that define the legal and political framework within which the State operates. It defines the tasks and responsibilities of the State and establishes the political, economic and social principles that guide its policies. The Basic Law also guarantees fundamental rights and freedoms, protects property rights and preserves the independence of the judiciary. The Constitution was amended on 20 October 2011 by Royal Decree No. 99/2011 to update the succession process and expand the role and tasks of the Council in Oman. The Omani legal system consists of a mixture of a civil code and Islamic law. The religion of the State is Islam and the Islamic Sharia is the basis of legislation (Article 2 of the Constitution). There are two types of legislation in Oman: primary law in the form of royal decrees and secondary law in the form of ministerial decisions. The law provides that an adult can become a citizen by applying for citizenship and legally residing in the country for 20 years or 10 years if married to a male citizen.
Discrimination: The law prohibits discrimination against citizens on the basis of sex, but the government does not appear to enforce it effectively. Local interpretations of Islamic law and the practice of cultural traditions in social and legal institutions discriminate against women. In some personal status cases, such as divorce, a woman`s testimony is equal to half of a man`s. The law favours male heirs when deciding on succession. The law prohibits arbitrary arrest and detention. The government has generally complied with these requirements. Persons arrested or detained have the right to challenge the legal basis for their detention before a court. Homosexuality is illegal in Oman. Check out our information and tips page for the LGBT community before you travel.
The Fundamental Status of the State (also known as the Basic Law) is the cornerstone of the Omani legal system and acts as the country`s constitution. The Basic Statute was adopted in 1996 and has been amended twice: once in 2011 in response to the Arab Spring protests and once in 2021 to introduce procedures for appointing a crown prince and new rules for parliament.   Non-Muslim residents can obtain a license from the Royal Oman Police to consume alcohol at home. Liquor licenses are not available for non-residents, but it is possible for tourists and visitors to buy and drink alcohol in licensed places such as hotels, restaurants and clubs. The legal drinking age is 21. Article 72 of the Constitution places treaties and agreements between the Sultanate of Oman and other States and international bodies and organizations above the Constitution, as it provides that the application of the Constitution “shall not violate such agreements”. International treaties and agreements enter into force upon ratification. Transparency in international relations is protected by the Constitution, as no treaty or agreement may contain secret clauses that contradict declared conditions. While the Constitution placed treaties at the top of the legal hierarchy, laws and procedures that have the force of law must comply with the provisions of the Constitution (Article 79). Furthermore, no State organ may issue rules, regulations, decisions or instructions that violate the provisions of applicable laws and decrees or international treaties and agreements that form part of the country`s legislation (art. 80). Prior to 1971, Sharia (Islamic) courts had jurisdiction over civil and criminal matters, in addition to civil status cases.
Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said ushered in a new era of judicial and administrative reform of the sultanate`s judicial system. The legal system of the Sultanate of Oman was largely codified in a Constitution promulgated by Royal Decree No. 101/96 of 6 November 1996. The law does not authorize the ROP to arrest or detain a person “without an order from a relevant judicial authority.” The law states that the police must either release the person or refer the case to the prosecutor`s office within 48 hours. For most crimes, the prosecution must then order “preventive detention” or release the person within 24 hours; Pre-trial detention is justified if “the incident is a criminal offence or an administrative offence punishable by imprisonment”. A preventive detention order cannot exceed 30 days or 45 days for offences involving public funds, narcotics and psychoactive drugs.