Aphis` Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (Favir) Database

To access eFile and submit an application for an electronic permit (PPQ 587) for the importation of fruits and vegetables, you need an eAuthentication account. USDA agencies use the eAuthentication registration process to provide customers with access to secure USDA web applications and services. For more information about eAuthentication or how to request an eAuthentication account, see www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/banner/help/efile/landing-page How do I know if the port I want to import into has a trusted processing facility? A pest-free zone is an area that meets the requirements of Title 7 of the Code of Federal Regulations (7 CFR) 319.56-5 for a “pest-free zone”. Access the electronic CFR in www.ecfr.gov/current/title-7/subtitle-B/chapter-III/part-319?toc=1. Who do I contact if I have questions about the requirements for importing a fruit or vegetable or fruit or vegetable that is not on the list? Can I take fruit with me on the plane when I travel? Yes, but you have to consume everything on the plane. All remains must remain on board the aircraft and will be disposed of properly by the airline in accordance with APHIS guidelines. When traveling with FAVIR, how do I know if small amounts of fruits and/or vegetables can be brought to the United States? A traveler must declare all fresh fruits and vegetables to a Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officer upon arrival in the United States. The CBP officer must confirm the name and origin of the product. Inadmissible items will be confiscated, including their origin or questionable use.

Even though the item is listed as authorized in FAVIR, it is subject to inspection by CBP to ensure there are no pests, diseases and parts of prohibited plants or contamination. Items that require processing or other certification are not allowed to enter the United States. Failure to declare all fruits, vegetables or other food products may result in a fine of $300 to $1,000 for the traveller. I enter the United States from Canada. Can I bring a packed lunch? Yes, it is possible. However, you must declare all foods (of plant and animal origin) that are tested. Items returned to the United States can only be re-imported if they are in their original containers and the containers are intact and unopened. The entry status of food of animal origin can be checked at the APHIS National Import and Export Centre (NCIE) under AskNCIE.Products@usda.gov. Unmarked items, restricted items and infested items can be seized and possibly destroyed. I am traveling or returning to the United States from Mexico.

Can I bring fresh fruits, vegetables or herbs across the border for a day? Regardless of the origin of the product, all travelers must declare all fresh fruits and vegetables to a Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officer upon arrival in the United States. CBP must confirm the name and origin of the product. Even though the item is listed as authorized in FAVIR, it is subject to inspection by CBP to ensure there are no pests, diseases and parts of prohibited plants or contamination. Any merchandise that requires processing or other certification is not allowed to enter the United States when I travel, can I use FAVIR to determine if small amounts of fruits and/or vegetables can be brought to the United States? Upon arrival in the United States, a traveller must declare all fresh fruits and vegetables to a Customs and Border Protection officer and present them for inspection. FAVIR and the regulations are based on two things: goods and origin. When FAVIR is searched, most goods are only allowed to enter the United States through commercial means or with import permits. A traveler will not meet these requirements and therefore will not be able to bring most items for personal use. Any product requiring a Phytosanitary Certificate (PC) would also be restricted. Even if the personal item is listed as “Authorized from ALL countries”, the Customs and Border Protection officer must confirm the name of the product and inspect it for free of pests, diseases and plant parts or prohibited contaminants. The goods could still be confiscated because they did not meet the cleanliness requirements of the entrance. You must declare all fresh fruit and vegetables on the customs declaration form and submit to a baggage check from Customs Border Protection and Agriculture. Failure to declare fruit or any other food product may be punishable by a fine of $300 to $1,000.

Prohibited items will be confiscated. The customs and border protection officer at the port of entry makes a final decision on admissibility. How do I know which fruits and vegetables need to be processed to enter the United States? The Product Import Requirement (CIR) contains the “Incoming Processing Condition” statement and lists the correct processing(s). Treatment instructions are also included in the terms of the approved approval. If you are not able to find a fruit or vegetable in a particular country, the fruit or vegetable is not allowed. Fruits and vegetables may be inadmissible for the following reasons: 1) no one has ever applied for a permit to import the product into the United States; (2) PPQ has not assessed the pest risk associated with the importation of fruit or vegetables from that country; 3) PPQ has investigated the risk, but cannot issue a permit because there is no treatment to eliminate the pest risk. or (4) government agencies other than PPQ have prohibited or restricted the importation of fruits or vegetables. How do I search for a product? For instructions on using the search function in FAVIR, see this favir User Guide. Who do I contact if I have questions about how to find information in the database? You can call 1-301-851-2046 or 1-877-770-5990 or email PPQ.FAVIR.Comments@usda.gov Where can I make suggestions or comments on how to use the database? You can call 1-301-851-2046 or 1-877-770-5990 or email PPQ.FAVIR.Comments@usda.gov. How often is information on authorised imports of fruit and vegetables updated? For new market access for a fruit or vegetable, the database is updated on the date of importation, as indicated in the final rule or notice published in the Federal Register. Do I have to apply for a permit every time I import? No.

You do not need to apply for a permit every time you import fruits or vegetables, provided that your permit(s) specify all import requirements for all goods you wish to import and that the permit(s) have not expired. Do I need a copy of my permission to accompany each shipment? What happens if I don`t know how to spell the name of a fruit or vegetable? You can call 1-301-851-2046 or 1-877-770-5990 or email PPQ.FAVIR.Comments@usda.gov. It can take up to 30 days for a permit to be processed, so please ask for 30 days before your first shipment arrives. A list of approved treatment providers and facilities can be found on the following website in a list under the treatment manual. www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/complete-list-of-electronic-manuals/ct_online_manuals What raw materials can I treat with irradiation? Irradiation of a particular fruit or vegetable will not be listed as a treatment option until the goods have been approved by regulation and all other arrangements (signing of the necessary agreements by the exporting country, certification of the irradiation facility, verification of appropriate safety during transport) have been made in accordance with APHIS protocols. What does the T mean in terms of entries like “T101” or “T402”? If a fruit or vegetable from a particular country is not on the list, what do I need to do to get permission to export to the United States? Select the Trusted Name or Scientific Name radio button. Expand the drop-down menu and enter the first letter or two of the merchandise name. Select the goods from the options provided. When will the APHIS-PPQ Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Manual no longer be available online? The manual for fruits and vegetables will remain on the manual unit`s website until an automatic FAVIR backup system is available. How do I link to the Code of Federal Regulations? You can access the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at: www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?SID=54309fe1a615996cc6afb4fc989e0215&mc=true&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title07/7cfrv5_02.tpl#0 How do I insert all the text on a page when printing? On the Internet Explorer menu bar, choose File, and then choose Page Setup. From that moment on, adjust the left and right margins accordingly.